Lecture – “Founding modern medicine: Ancient Greek medicine and its timeless legacy”

Date: Tuesday 30th of May, 7:30 PM.
Venue: Auditoriet, Medicinsk Museion, Bredgade 62.
Lecturer: Marianna Karamanou, MD, PhD & Associate Professor (Elected) of History of Medicine, Medical School, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece.

PubMed Author List.

The establishment of rational medicine remains one of the most important contributions of ancient Greek medicine. Ancient Greek philosophers, especially pre-Socratic ones, explained the physical phenomena with logic and the same outlook was applied by the medical authors.

Separating medicine from magical and religious elements contributed to the transition from mythology to rationalism. The culmination of the impact of these systems was reflected in the work of Hippocrates (460-377) who provided science a systemic basis creating a firm tradition of secular medicine.

His medical legacy passed down thanks to Hippocratic Corpus, a heterogenous collection of medical writings covering all areas of medical thought and practice while the Hippocratic Oath still remains an important code of medical ethics.

The teaching of philosophers such as Aristotle (385-322 BC) and the methodology employed by physicians such as Hippocrates survived for centuries influencing several medical systems and were assimilating finally into current medical practice.